Breast Cancer, you’ve heard of it, but how much do you really know about it? October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, and with it being the most prevalent type of cancer in women in both the UK and Bulgaria, I think it’s definitely worth a mention.
- Breast Cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells develop in the tissue of the breast.
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) states breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide.
- Breast cancer is more common in women, however, men can also be diagnosed with it.
- The warning signs for breast cancer are not the same in everyone, they vary rom one individual to the next.
- The likelihood of getting breast cancer increases with age, although it is possible to be diagnosed at any age.
What to look for in women:
The most common signs are:
- A change in the look or feel of the breast
- A change in the look or feel of the nipple
- Nipple discharge
What to look for in men:
- Lump, hard knot or thickening in the breast, chest or underarm area (usually painless, but may be tender)
- Change in the size or shape of the breast
- Dimpling, puckering or redness of the skin of the breast
- Itchy, scaly sore or rash on the nipple
- Pulling in of the nipple (inverted nipple) or other parts of the breast
It is not necessary to have all of the above, it is possible to have only one of the above symptoms. In either case, it is crucial to visit your GP. In the UK, all women from the age of 50 to 71 are invited for breast cancer screening, every three years.
The earlier that breast cancer is detected, the better the prognosis. This is precisely why it is essential that if we notice any changes, we address them and don’t ignore them. Often people use the excuse of feeling too embarrassed to visit their GP, or they dismiss their suspicions on the basis that they are probably wrong. If you ever find yourself in either of these situations, please remember, it is always better to be safe than sorry.
For more detail on any of the aforementioned, you can visit https://www.breastcancer.org